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Jorquera

Jorquera is a village situated on the banks of the river Júcar and to the northeast of Albacete.
The main part of the village is on a hill bordered on one side by the river, which crosses the area from west to east with a meandering flow, forming a canyon with steep walls of 200 m in height, and on the other side , by the stream of Abengibre, which flows from the north.The two courses join in the Puente Nuevo, offering a picturesque landscape today, a defensive one in the past, as is shown by history and the remains of the castle, with its almohade( arab) walls from the 12th century, which enclose the top part of the hill where the village is, and the remains of defense turrets situated in the two natural entrances, the Puerta de la Villa, and the Puerta Nueva, together with the Torre de Doña Blanca, restored and now used for cultural exhibitions.
In Jorquera, crops for dry farming( wheat and barley, vine olive and almond) in the flat areas coexist with the orchards in the valley watered by a system of irrigation ditches inherited from the arabs that occupied these lands.
It was precisely during this period that the village reached its splendour, as we can see by the walled village.
It is said that the Cid Campeador stayed in the village on his way to Valencia.
Reconquered in 1211 by Alfonso VIII of Castilla, it falls into the hands of the arabs again that same year. However , the following year king Alfonso VIII himself, together with soldiers from the councils of Madrid, Guadalajara, Cuenca, Huete and Uclés, and several wealthy knights, manage to conquer Jorquera and all the villages surrounding it, and they became officially assigned to Cuenca, and governed by the charter of Cuenca.
On the 30th may 1266, by a privilege granted by Alfonso X of Castilla, Jorquera is separated from the district of Cuenca and becomes a village with its own council ( Comunidad de Villa y Tierra de Jorquera), and the villages in what we today call the Manchuela region, were appointed to it. The laws still followed the charter of Cuenca, and it was people from the neighbouring province of Cuenca who came to repopulate Jorquera.
Until 1833 Jorquera and its area belonged to Castilla La Nueva, specifically to the province of Cuenca, but later it was included in the recently created province of Albacete, and so to the region of Murcia, until in 1983 Albacete formed part of the region of Castilla La Mancha.
Jorquera still has several hamlets in its area, being one of these the Ribera de Cubas, worth mentioning for its peculiarity and touristic attraction: a succession of cave-houses that for 12 kilometres dig into the vertical walls of the Júcar canyon and are one of the most picturesque places of the Albacete landscape.

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