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Mahora

Mahora is a village in the Manchuela region , in the province of Albacete.
The land is hilly, and the soil is composed od clay, sand and stone.
The economic activity is mainly farming, the main crops being cereal,legumes and vine.
The name of Mahora is of arab origin, possibly coming from a word that meant "inn".
There are no certain facts of the first civilizations to inhabit this land, although there are some archaeological site of iberian origin, like the Villaralto site.There is also evidence of the existence of sites in Casa de la Matosa, Villares de Tochoso or the remains of San Roque street, which confirm the romanization of this land from the 1st century BC.
The reconquest of this land after arab occupation was carried out by Alfonso VIII and Alfonso X the Wise. With the retreat of the arabs king Sancho IV ceded part of the area to the Infante Don Manuel, who governed the Señorio de Villena, and who brought peace and prosperity. In later generations , his son Don Juan Manuel created the Marquesado de Villena together with Alfonso of Aragón in 1372. It wasn´t long before it went back to royal hands because of disagreements between the powerful Marques and the Crown.
Changes happening in the next century ( 15th) allowed Don Juan Pacheco to own the Marquesado. His son Don Diego Lopez Pacheco was an ally of Juana la Beltraneja who fought for the succession to the Castilian throne against the Reyes Católocos.The areas which disobeyed the Crown were assigned to the State of Jorquera, which remained in the hands of the Pacheco family until the disappearance of the señorios in the 19th century.
It was then that Mahora reached its highest historic splendour; when it gained its independence many nobles came to live and built mansions, some of which remain and maintain the coats of arms of the nobles that lived in them. The name Corte Chica, which means Little Court, refers to this period.
Important monuments in Mahora are its church of Our Lady of Gracia, of great interest for its architectonic styles, and its convent , now nearly in ruins , which belonged to Franciscanos Descalzos.
The economic basis of Mahora is farming, both dry crops, such as cereals and vines,and irrigated crops like alfalfa and corn.
In addition there are growing industries like food or construction. Mahora has a range of services that cater both to residents to tourists as well as cultural services and sports facilities.



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